The mystery behind the famous Nazca Lines


Dating back to 100 B.C., the Nazca lines have been called the “Eighth Wonder of the World.” Some 250 miles south of Lima, Peru, not far from the shores of the Pacific Ocean, there is a great arid plane — the site of one of the world’s oldest mysteries.

Across 170 square miles of flat earth, the hard red soil is broken only by a series of strange furrows. They aren’t deep — usually breaking just six to twelve or so inches into the ground — and most aren’t especially wide. The majority span just a foot or so of dry ground. But they are long. Some trenches go on for as much as 30 miles, slicing great parallel lines across the desert. Others turn in on themselves, spiraling like the whorls of a giant’s fingerprint. And some seem to follow no discernible pattern at all.

The first travelers who stumbled upon them in the 1500s thought they were the remnants of roads — vast, complicated roads from a bygone civilization.

It wasn’t until 1927 that the truth was discovered. Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejía Xesspe was making his way up a series of nearby hills when he glanced down and saw the furrows in the valley below. The desert grooves, he realized, weren’t the ruins of ancient roads at all. They were a set of massive images, symbols carved into the earth, so big that they were unrecognizable from ground level.

So began almost a century of investigation as archeologists and amateur enthusiasts alike tried to make sense of one of the world’s greatest mysteries: the Nazca lines.

Given the astonishing size and complexity of the designs in Peru’s Rio Grande de Nasca river basin, it comes as no surprise that supernatural explanations of the symbols have been popular.

Proponents of paranormal theories claim that the “Nazca”, the indigenous people credited with creating the lines some two thousand years ago, couldn’t possibly have etched the designs in the earth without being able to fly. It’s only from directly overhead, they say, that some of the designs are truly visible.

While the Nazca lines look best from the window of an airplane, all of them are also perfectly visible from elevated land, like the plain’s surrounding foothills — including the one Peruvian archaeologist Xesspe was hiking up when he spotted the glyphs. The Nazca could have easily directed operations or checked much of their work from nearby hills.

The plain the Nazca inhabited is so arid that it is almost weatherless; few winds disturb its soil, and the region’s average precipitation tops out at 4 millimeters per year. As a result, furrows dug thousands of years ago have remained virtually untouched.

In the years following their discovery, archeologists favored astronomical explanations.

Paul Kosok and Maria Reiche, some of the earliest to study the lines, hypothesized that the furrows had been made to indicate the places on the horizon where the sun and moon would rise and set on important holidays, like a kind of enormous calendar.

Whether something paranormal or without an easy explanation, the Nazca lines are something amazing to discover, get to see them first hand in our Nazca Lines tours.

The flight over the Nazca Lines from Pisco is an excellent option to save time. Most people travel down to Nazca expending 3 strenuous hours travelling each direction by bus along hot deserts of the coast line.

If you are interested about tours to some of the amazing destination Peru to offer. We recommend to look our Nazca Lines tours. For more information contact us at +593 98 350 1768, send an email to, or visit our web page

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